Establishing an orchard for your tree fruits
Where to plant your fruit trees is an important consideration when starting your orchard. Ideally you want good drainage, good soil, plenty of sunshine (fruiting trees require a minimum of 6-8 hours of sun per day during the growing season), and good air flow. You want your trees to be wind protected and try to avoid low-lying sites. A slope is the best location, if you have one. Fertile soils with a depth of more than 1.5 meters and pH range of 5.8–6.6 are ideal for growing fruit trees.
Dig large holes before planting fruit trees. The tree holes need to be large enough to accommodate the root system, a 2 feet diameter is a good measurement. Mix well with the existing soil and good quality compost. Mulching and composting are an important part of the orchard.
The proposed orchard’s site has to be cleared as thoroughly as possible of perennial weeds, undergrowth, trees, stumps, roots, trash and debris. This should be followed by levelling of unwanted anthills and the elimination of their destructive inhabitants. To achieve a good tilth of the cleared land, fruit growers are advised to plant an annual crop a year before starting fruit cultivation. After this annual crop has been harvested, the final re-ploughing, harrowing and levelling is carried out.
Selection of suitable fruit species/cultivars
The choice of suitable fruit species and cultivars to grow is one of the most important prerequisites for successful fruit farming. A cultivar must be adapted to the environmental conditions of the locality in which it is to be grown, and there should be a good market demand for it. For many fruits there is an extended list from which to choose.
- Mangoes (Kent, Tommy, Ngowe and apple varieties) @150
Hass avocados/fuerte @150
Muthakwa grafted tree tomatoes @100
Grafted purple passion fruits @70
Pepino melons @100
Tissue culture bananas @250
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Planting fruit trees such as macadamia and avocado promote afforestation and reforestation practices which contribute to a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and also improve the environment by increasing air and water quality, soil fertility, etc.