The Pomegranate (Locally known as kukumanga) originated from the Mediterranean. It prefers tropical to sub-tropical and temperate zones. Oxfarm Organic Ltd informs you about these problems so that you can plan well and have the best outcome.
This is a fruit known for all the misconceptions but it is fetching people a lot of money. Pomegranate fruit life diseases are a standard issue in plants grown in wet regions throughout the spring and early summer. Different diseases in pomegranate fruit are rarer and not good in damaging the tree. Learn the issues of pomegranates and see if this fruit is true for you and your region.
Problems of Pomegranates
Pomegranates are vigorous trees or shrubs that adapt well to regions that support citrus plants. There are varieties suited to semi-temperate zones however these want well-drained soil and protection from excess wetness. Though the plant likes supplemental irrigation in summer for best fruit formation, too wet soils and humidness will cause a spread of pomegranate fruit diseases. There are several strategies of treating pomegranate fruit diseases, thus don’t despair and keep reading for a few solutions. Pomegranate fruit life problems are a part of growing pomegranate plants. Pomegranate fruit perform best in areas with hot, dry summers, which implies northern gardeners in cooler regions with plentiful precipitation could notice raising the tree a challenge. The foremost frequent criticism is Pomegranate diseases that affects the fruit. Several plant life problems can cause some leaf drop; however, this can be typically not enough to influence overall tree health. The pomegranate fruit is the main reason for growing the plant and there are several diseases that may cause cacophonic, rot and an overall look and style that are unappealing. Begin with correct web site location and well drained, organically amended soil. Plant the trees fifteen to twenty feet apart to forestall overcrowding and enhance circulation. Fertilize once growth begins with ammonium ion salt divided into four applications beginning in Feb and ending in September.
Specific Pomegranate Plant Life Diseases
Alternaria fruit rot – Alternaria is additionally referred to as plant disease and causes injury to the fruit within the sort of wounds and decay on the inside of the fruit. It happens once serious rains simply once fruit is getting down to type.
Aspergillus fruit rot – Aspergillus fungus has similar temporal arrangement and effects as Alternaria plant life problems.
Botrytris – Botrytis, a grey mould that is acquainted to any sodbuster of tropical fruits, infects trees throughout flowering. Spores infiltrate the flowers and keep in hibernation throughout mature. It’s activated throughout the post-harvest wash and spreads like wild hearth through all the harvested fruits.
Another occasional plant life issue is Cercospora fruit spot, which cannot solely cause black unsound spots on the surface of fruit however additionally compressed black areas on twigs and defoliation. It will really cause a tree to die over time.
Treating Pomegranate Fruit Diseases
Control of plant life problems ought to begin before the fruit develops in early spring and continue through summer as fruits mature. Use a copper anti-fungal fungicide according with the directions and promote smart circulation by pruning within the dormant season to open the cover. Several of the precise causes of those diseases don’t seem to be fully understood however anti-fungal agent use and correct cultivation of the plants will facilitate the tree combat minor infestations. Smart healthy trees are less probably to be fazed by minor plant life problems. Within the case of Cercospora, removal of morbid leaves, twigs and fruits will facilitate management its unfold, together with anti-fungal application.
For additional information regarding pomegranate fruits, kindly visit our offices.
Tamarillo best known by the name tree-tomatoes in Kenya is a fast-growing tree that grows up to 5 meters. Peak production is reached after 1-3 years, and the life expectancy is about 12 years. The tree usually forms a single upright trunk with lateral branches. They produce 1 to 6 fruits per cluster. Plants can set fruit without cross-pollination, but the flowers are fragrant and attract insects. Cross-pollination seems to improve fruit set.
The Tree-Tomato prefers subtropical climate, they grow in many parts of kenya with rainfall between 600 and 4000 millimeters and annual temperatures between 15 and 20 °C. It is intolerant to frost (below -2 °C) and drought stress. It is assumed that fruit set is affected by night temperatures. Areas where citrus are cultivated provide good conditions for Tree-Tomatos. Tree-Tomato plants grow best in light, deep, fertile soils, although they are not very demanding. However, soils must be permeable since the plants are not tolerant to water-logging. They grow naturally on soils with a pH of 5 to 8.5. They are as well planted by irrigation as they also do well.
we graft our seedling with "muthakwa" to ensure our tees are resistant to nematodes, they are drought resistant, mature fast in 9 months compared to other that mature in more than a year. Due to good feeding our fruits are bigger than normal.
A tree is usually kept to 3-6 trunks for fruit production. They tend to sucker around the base. These need to be removed, though they can be used as cuttings for propagation if you chose not to discard them.
Pomegranate is especially well adapted to the environments with cool winters and hot summers, but can be grown in the humid tropics or subtropics, and the plant will survive very well in Kenya. Commercial production is concentrated in dry summer climates, and pomegranate is extremely drought tolerant once established, but crops much better with more generous moisture. Pomegranate thrives on a wide variety of soils and has a high resistance to salinity.
Mango is one of the most important fruit crops in the tropical and subtropical lowlands. The mango industry in Kenya has expanded considerably over recent years, not only in size but also in the geographical location of commercial and homestead plantings. No longer is commercial mango cultivation restricted to the Coast region, as significant plantings of improved cultivars now also exist in the Makueni county, Meru County, Murang’a County, Nairobi County, Nakuru County, Siaya County, Taita Taveta County, Tana River County, Tharaka Nithi County, Bungoma County, Kitui County, Embu County, Machakos County, Kiambu County among other regions. But the generally arid eastern region produces 61 per cent of all mangoes, followed by Rift Valley at 30 per cent and Coast, which produces 28 per cent.
Main characteristics that differentiate varieties are the fruit shape, size, aroma, sweetness, color, fiber
content, taste, seed size and resistance to diseases. Proper selection of a mango cultivar for production must consider the following criteria:
• good adaptation to the local conditions (e.g. rainfall and dry periods)
• alternation of flowering and fruiting
• tolerance to pest and disease infections
• designated use and market requirements
The mango is best adapted to a warm tropical monsoon climate with a pronounced dry season (>3 months) followed by rains. However, information from other countries indicates that crops cultivated for a long time over an extended area show a high degree of diversity due to varied environmental influences.
Varieties include; Apple mango, kent, Haden, Tommy atkins,Van dyke etc
Mangoes are the most popular and full of nutritional and unique taste. its rich in vitamin A,C,E,and K
Peach trees grow best in full sun, where they can bask for at least six hours in the natural light. They prefer slightly acidic soils ranging from 6.0 soil pH to 6.5. Anything slightly under or over and the tree will still grow, but its yield and health may be adversely affected. The trees love sandy loam soil and demand good drainage. If soil drainage is poor, tilling in compost, sand or peat moss helps increase drainage capabilities.
Peach trees require the most water when they're young -- their first year in the ground -- with watering once weekly or, twice weekly. Peach trees may produce fruit during drought-like conditions if not watered, but the tree will become stressed and the fruit will lack size. To maintain soil moisture, add mulch around the tree but not touching the trunk itself.
Peaches can survive in cold winters where temperatures regularly reach zero degrees Fahrenheit, but the next harvest will be small or nonexistent. They thrive in climates where temperatures during winter reach 150C -30 0C degrees.
Peach trees that are expected to grow to a mature height of about 25 feet grow best when they have 20 feet of space between them. Dwarf peach trees thrive when planted about 6 feet apart. Planting trees too close together reduces air circulation and may prohibit growth and result in root damage.
The condition most limiting to growing an avocado tree is cold weather. Hass Avocado varieties are the most cold-hardy, but they can tolerate cold temperatures to only about 20 degrees Fahrenheit. During freezing weather, it helps to drape blankets or tarps over a young tree and anchor the coverings to the ground. If an avocado tree is large, then mounding soil or mulch high on the tree trunk for winter can help the tree survive cold temperatures.
An avocado tree can grow successfully in a variety of soil types and in soil with acidic or alkaline pH levels, but the tree requires soil that has good drainage. It declines in poorly draining and saline soil. Although an avocado tree cannot tolerate wet soil, it needs at least 1 inch of water every week during periods of insufficient rainfall. Not fertilizing the tree until it is 1 year old is recommended. Young trees need four applications of a balanced manure and older trees need twice-yearly applications of a high-nitrogen product applied in early December and late July.