Passion fruit, which is a climbing vine, may be a versatile crop whose demand is growing in both domestic and export markets. Passion fruit the third most well-liked fruit in Kenya after bananas and mangoes and bananas respectively.
The fruit will be eaten fresh or consumed when extracting the pulp and creating juice. Passion fruit juice may be a delicacy and is in high demand within the domestic markets. The juice is used in a form of products and also the pulp is also supplementary to totally different dishes. A good vary of cosmetic products and food flavors are derived from the fruit that’s are rich in Vitamins A, C and carotene.
Due to the large and increasing market and the dynamical client preferences as Kenyans move from effervescent soft drinks to fresh juices, the recognition of passion fruit farming in Kenya is ready to rise high. In addition, brands like Coca-Cola, Afia juices and Del-Monte are already sourcing various fruits from farmers or are within the method of doing in a bid to tap fresh fruits processing segments.
Despite all the interest by fresh drink processors, the availability of passion fruits is incredibly low. A visit to numerous market centers in Nairobi, Kiambu, Eldoret, Kisumu, port and alternative cities reveals that fewer traders sell the crop compared to bananas or mangoes. This means that only a few farmers have taken the crop seriously as a supply of revenue. This example presents a large financial gain potential for farmers who can faucet into passion fruit farming.
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Economic Potential Of Passion Fruit
Daily information from the ministry of agriculture web site indicates that the common value of 1 kg of passion fruits is KSh 100 in various markets centers of the country; but, farmers will still sell at a better value, with some recording as high as sh.150 per kg for alternative fruits sold-out for export.
It is possible to earn high, if the farmer will do marketing that involves approaching restaurants, supermarkets and hotels that in most occasions get 1 kg for one hundred shillings.
Furthermore, the maturing and ripening of the fruits, doesn’t happen at a similar time; some take three days others one-week others a pair of weeks. This is often advantageous, because it permits the farmer to reap weekly and have time to market their produce.
It has additionally been verified that passions are perennial plants; once planted, their life is long, usually more than 3 years; of these depends on how the plant is managed and fertilized.
One plant if rigorously tended will grow smartly to a length of over twenty meters when the primary 4-5 months of transplantation yielding up to 2kg of fruit every week. With a spacing of 2m by 3m, an acre would accommodate slightly over 650 plants. Taking rock bottom production of 1kg per week from every tree, an acre is ready to provide 650kg every week. Sold-out at a farm-gate value of Sh.100 per kg, this enterprise offers you a financial gain of about sixty-five thousand per week translating to roughly 3.4 million each year.
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Plums are excellent fresh but also make a wonderful jam or jelly. Plums require full sun and well-drained, sandy soil to thrive. They prefer a soil with a pH that ranges from 5.5 to 6.5. It is always a good idea to have your soil tested before planting any fruit tree to be sure that they pH is appropriate. You should also work the appropriate amendments into your soil before planting. Their overall size may also need to be considered. Most plum trees will reach 16 feet at maturity or 14 feet if they are a dwarf variety.
Plums have quite high moisture demands, so they are best planted on good clay or loamy soils. But sites also need to be well drained as plums, and gages in particular, hate waterlogged soils. Add bulky organic matter to sandy or shallow chalky soils prior to planting.
Plant plum trees in well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. Avoid planting in low areas where frost may settle, as the frost will damage your trees. If possible, find a sheltered position, such as a south- or west-facing spot out of the wind. This will help the plum tree set fruit. For grafted trees, keep the graft union 1 inch above the soil line when planting. Dig a hole that is a few inches deeper and wider than the spread of the roots. Set the tree on top of a small mound of soil in the middle of the hole. Be sure to spread the roots away from the trunk without excessively bending them. Space standard-size trees 20 to 25 feet apart. Space dwarf trees 15 to 20 feet apart.
Plums develop their best flavor if left to ripen on the tree. If they feel soft when gently squeezed, they are ripe. Trees will generally need picking over several times. Harvest fruits carefully so as not to bruise them, then eat fresh, destone and freeze, or make the fruits into preserves.
Tamarillo best known by the name tree-tomatoes in Kenya is a fast-growing tree that grows up to 5 meters. Peak production is reached after 1-3 years, and the life expectancy is about 12 years. The tree usually forms a single upright trunk with lateral branches. They produce 1 to 6 fruits per cluster. Plants can set fruit without cross-pollination, but the flowers are fragrant and attract insects. Cross-pollination seems to improve fruit set.
The Tree-Tomato prefers subtropical climate, they grow in many parts of kenya with rainfall between 600 and 4000 millimeters and annual temperatures between 15 and 20 °C. It is intolerant to frost (below -2 °C) and drought stress. It is assumed that fruit set is affected by night temperatures. Areas where citrus are cultivated provide good conditions for Tree-Tomatos. Tree-Tomato plants grow best in light, deep, fertile soils, although they are not very demanding. However, soils must be permeable since the plants are not tolerant to water-logging. They grow naturally on soils with a pH of 5 to 8.5. They are as well planted by irrigation as they also do well.
we graft our seedling with "muthakwa" to ensure our tees are resistant to nematodes, they are drought resistant, mature fast in 9 months compared to other that mature in more than a year. Due to good feeding our fruits are bigger than normal.
A tree is usually kept to 3-6 trunks for fruit production. They tend to sucker around the base. These need to be removed, though they can be used as cuttings for propagation if you chose not to discard them.
Pomegranate is especially well adapted to the environments with cool winters and hot summers, but can be grown in the humid tropics or subtropics, and the plant will survive very well in Kenya. Commercial production is concentrated in dry summer climates, and pomegranate is extremely drought tolerant once established, but crops much better with more generous moisture. Pomegranate thrives on a wide variety of soils and has a high resistance to salinity.
Mango is one of the most important fruit crops in the tropical and subtropical lowlands. The mango industry in Kenya has expanded considerably over recent years, not only in size but also in the geographical location of commercial and homestead plantings. No longer is commercial mango cultivation restricted to the Coast region, as significant plantings of improved cultivars now also exist in the Makueni county, Meru County, Murang’a County, Nairobi County, Nakuru County, Siaya County, Taita Taveta County, Tana River County, Tharaka Nithi County, Bungoma County, Kitui County, Embu County, Machakos County, Kiambu County among other regions. But the generally arid eastern region produces 61 per cent of all mangoes, followed by Rift Valley at 30 per cent and Coast, which produces 28 per cent.
Main characteristics that differentiate varieties are the fruit shape, size, aroma, sweetness, color, fiber
content, taste, seed size and resistance to diseases. Proper selection of a mango cultivar for production must consider the following criteria:
• good adaptation to the local conditions (e.g. rainfall and dry periods)
• alternation of flowering and fruiting
• tolerance to pest and disease infections
• designated use and market requirements
The mango is best adapted to a warm tropical monsoon climate with a pronounced dry season (>3 months) followed by rains. However, information from other countries indicates that crops cultivated for a long time over an extended area show a high degree of diversity due to varied environmental influences.
Varieties include; Apple mango, kent, Haden, Tommy atkins,Van dyke etc
Mangoes are the most popular and full of nutritional and unique taste. its rich in vitamin A,C,E,and K