Passion fruit, which is a climbing vine, may be a versatile crop whose demand is growing in both domestic and export markets. Passion fruit the third most well-liked fruit in Kenya after bananas and mangoes and bananas respectively.
The fruit will be eaten fresh or consumed when extracting the pulp and creating juice. Passion fruit juice may be a delicacy and is in high demand within the domestic markets. The juice is used in a form of products and also the pulp is also supplementary to totally different dishes. A good vary of cosmetic products and food flavors are derived from the fruit that’s are rich in Vitamins A, C and carotene.
Due to the large and increasing market and the dynamical client preferences as Kenyans move from effervescent soft drinks to fresh juices, the recognition of passion fruit farming in Kenya is ready to rise high. In addition, brands like Coca-Cola, Afia juices and Del-Monte are already sourcing various fruits from farmers or are within the method of doing in a bid to tap fresh fruits processing segments.
Despite all the interest by fresh drink processors, the availability of passion fruits is incredibly low. A visit to numerous market centers in Nairobi, Kiambu, Eldoret, Kisumu, port and alternative cities reveals that fewer traders sell the crop compared to bananas or mangoes. This means that only a few farmers have taken the crop seriously as a supply of revenue. This example presents a large financial gain potential for farmers who can faucet into passion fruit farming.
Related Post: Why Hass Avocado is the new Cash Crop
Economic Potential Of Passion Fruit
Daily information from the ministry of agriculture web site indicates that the common value of 1 kg of passion fruits is KSh 100 in various markets centers of the country; but, farmers will still sell at a better value, with some recording as high as sh.150 per kg for alternative fruits sold-out for export.
It is possible to earn high, if the farmer will do marketing that involves approaching restaurants, supermarkets and hotels that in most occasions get 1 kg for one hundred shillings.
Furthermore, the maturing and ripening of the fruits, doesn’t happen at a similar time; some take three days others one-week others a pair of weeks. This is often advantageous, because it permits the farmer to reap weekly and have time to market their produce.
It has additionally been verified that passions are perennial plants; once planted, their life is long, usually more than 3 years; of these depends on how the plant is managed and fertilized.
One plant if rigorously tended will grow smartly to a length of over twenty meters when the primary 4-5 months of transplantation yielding up to 2kg of fruit every week. With a spacing of 2m by 3m, an acre would accommodate slightly over 650 plants. Taking rock bottom production of 1kg per week from every tree, an acre is ready to provide 650kg every week. Sold-out at a farm-gate value of Sh.100 per kg, this enterprise offers you a financial gain of about sixty-five thousand per week translating to roughly 3.4 million each year.
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Mango is one of the most important fruit crops in the tropical and subtropical lowlands. The mango industry in Kenya has expanded considerably over recent years, not only in size but also in the geographical location of commercial and homestead plantings. No longer is commercial mango cultivation restricted to the Coast region, as significant plantings of improved cultivars now also exist in the Makueni county, Meru County, Murang’a County, Nairobi County, Nakuru County, Siaya County, Taita Taveta County, Tana River County, Tharaka Nithi County, Bungoma County, Kitui County, Embu County, Machakos County, Kiambu County among other regions. But the generally arid eastern region produces 61 per cent of all mangoes, followed by Rift Valley at 30 per cent and Coast, which produces 28 per cent.
Main characteristics that differentiate varieties are the fruit shape, size, aroma, sweetness, color, fiber
content, taste, seed size and resistance to diseases. Proper selection of a mango cultivar for production must consider the following criteria:
• good adaptation to the local conditions (e.g. rainfall and dry periods)
• alternation of flowering and fruiting
• tolerance to pest and disease infections
• designated use and market requirements
The mango is best adapted to a warm tropical monsoon climate with a pronounced dry season (>3 months) followed by rains. However, information from other countries indicates that crops cultivated for a long time over an extended area show a high degree of diversity due to varied environmental influences.
Varieties include; Apple mango, kent, Haden, Tommy atkins,Van dyke etc
Mangoes are the most popular and full of nutritional and unique taste. its rich in vitamin A,C,E,and K
Peach trees grow best in full sun, where they can bask for at least six hours in the natural light. They prefer slightly acidic soils ranging from 6.0 soil pH to 6.5. Anything slightly under or over and the tree will still grow, but its yield and health may be adversely affected. The trees love sandy loam soil and demand good drainage. If soil drainage is poor, tilling in compost, sand or peat moss helps increase drainage capabilities.
Peach trees require the most water when they're young -- their first year in the ground -- with watering once weekly or, twice weekly. Peach trees may produce fruit during drought-like conditions if not watered, but the tree will become stressed and the fruit will lack size. To maintain soil moisture, add mulch around the tree but not touching the trunk itself.
Peaches can survive in cold winters where temperatures regularly reach zero degrees Fahrenheit, but the next harvest will be small or nonexistent. They thrive in climates where temperatures during winter reach 150C -30 0C degrees.
Peach trees that are expected to grow to a mature height of about 25 feet grow best when they have 20 feet of space between them. Dwarf peach trees thrive when planted about 6 feet apart. Planting trees too close together reduces air circulation and may prohibit growth and result in root damage.
The condition most limiting to growing an avocado tree is cold weather. Hass Avocado varieties are the most cold-hardy, but they can tolerate cold temperatures to only about 20 degrees Fahrenheit. During freezing weather, it helps to drape blankets or tarps over a young tree and anchor the coverings to the ground. If an avocado tree is large, then mounding soil or mulch high on the tree trunk for winter can help the tree survive cold temperatures.
An avocado tree can grow successfully in a variety of soil types and in soil with acidic or alkaline pH levels, but the tree requires soil that has good drainage. It declines in poorly draining and saline soil. Although an avocado tree cannot tolerate wet soil, it needs at least 1 inch of water every week during periods of insufficient rainfall. Not fertilizing the tree until it is 1 year old is recommended. Young trees need four applications of a balanced manure and older trees need twice-yearly applications of a high-nitrogen product applied in early December and late July.
habits as well as their training and trellising requirements. The fruit normally ripens within 25 weeks after the flowers first appear. The fruits range in weight from 40 to 90 g and can be picked shortly after the first frost in autumn; after that, they can be kept in cold storage for 4–6 months at 00 C. Kiwi vines can be grown on a wide range of soil types at elevations ranging from 1000 m to 2500 m.
The kiwi plant is dioecious, meaning individual plants are either male or female. Only female plants bear fruit, but only when pollinated by a male plant. Vines of both sexes are essential for fruit production, and they must flower at the same time to ensure pollination. One male pollinator vine is required for eight female vines. The vines are commonly supported on sturdy structures strong enough to bear the heavy fruit, which might otherwise break the rather weak vines. T-bars or hitching post trellises are recommended to support the large fruiting area in the
form of a canopy and provide easy access to the fruit.
Oranges can be grown from as low as sea level to 200m above sea level. Areas of low humidity are most ideal. Such a climate is important for reduced disease intensity and for acquiring good orange colour. A dry hot day, cool at night climate also favours good color development. Citrus requires temperature ranges from 13oC-38oC. Optimum temperature is 25oC-35oC. Extremely high temperatures may be harmful especially during flowering or if cool temperatures are followed by a hot period. Damage occurs in the form of flower and leaf drop. Wind can also cause serious damage to orange trees and fruits. Hot dry wind will often scorch trees by drying young leaves. Winds of high speeds will scar fruits and cause fruit drop. Where winds are a problem, wind break shelters should be planted