Favoured by gardeners and cooks, lemons do not only seem attractive, but they bear fruit most year round.
If there’s one tree that ought to be included in each garden it’s a lemon tree. Not only attractive with shiny leaves and white flowers, lemons bear fruit most year round. And as it’s a tiny low to medium-sized tree, it’s ideal for little gardens.
While they grow best in warm, temperate and sub-tropical areas, you’ll grow them in cold midland areas if you plant them in an exceedingly protected spot. In exceptionally cold areas, plant them in massive pots which will be stirred onto a terrace or below the roof overhang during cold weather condition.
- The Cape rough-skinned lemon will well in colder areas. however, remember that the skin comes off sort of a naartjie which implies it’s tasking to slice.
- Smooth-skinned Eureka is that the preferred selection. It doesn’t handle frost well therefore it desires a protected spot against a north or west-facing wall. And once it’s young, keep it coated with garden fleece on cold winter nights.
- The Meyer selection is slighter sweeter and a lot of compact creating it ideal for pots. massive pots are essential so they don’t dry out too quickly. Raise them off the bottom on bricks or stones to enhance the voidance and air flow.
Lemon trees want a sunny spot in soil that drains well.
Dig an oversized hole. Keep the top soil and the sub soil separate. to every pile add compost, some of organic fertilizer and 1-2 cups of 2:3:2, ideally organic. If the soil is clay, add coarse river sand and peanut shells to enhance the drainage.
Put some of the sub soil back to the outlet. Place the tree at constant level as it was within the bag or pot and fill in around it with soil. Leave the top soil until last. Firm the soil and water well.
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
To encourage fruiting, feed with 3:1:5 fertilizer each four months. Apply some of Epsom salts each few months and water in well.
Water trees often and deeply, a minimum of twice per week, and a lot of for pots. Mulch with compost to forestall the soil from drying out.
To let in light-weight and air, prune gently once every crop and before they flower once more.
PESTS AND DISEASES
Look out for citrus psylla that causes little bumps on the leaves. Remove and destroy the infected leaves and spray the undersides of all leaves with an eco-friendly product like Bioneem or Pyrol.
Aphids, white woolly insects that leave a black, pitchy substance on the undersides of leaves, may also be a problem. Spray with Efekto Oleum as counseled on the pack till the leaves are clear.
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Dry mulches should be used to retain moisture while heavy banana stems should be supported to avoid damage. Old diseased leaves should be removed while de-leafing is important to ensure healthy growth. Harvesting begins after 15-18 months, and a light shiny appearance means that the banana is ready for harvest. Harvesting should be delicate to avoid bruising of the bananas. The bananas should be temporarily stored in a cool, dry place and should be wrapped in banana leaves or grass to avoid bruising. If for export, they should be washed using a disinfectant and might require branding.
Plums are excellent fresh but also make a wonderful jam or jelly. Plums require full sun and well-drained, sandy soil to thrive. They prefer a soil with a pH that ranges from 5.5 to 6.5. It is always a good idea to have your soil tested before planting any fruit tree to be sure that they pH is appropriate. You should also work the appropriate amendments into your soil before planting. Their overall size may also need to be considered. Most plum trees will reach 16 feet at maturity or 14 feet if they are a dwarf variety.
Plums have quite high moisture demands, so they are best planted on good clay or loamy soils. But sites also need to be well drained as plums, and gages in particular, hate waterlogged soils. Add bulky organic matter to sandy or shallow chalky soils prior to planting.
Plant plum trees in well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. Avoid planting in low areas where frost may settle, as the frost will damage your trees. If possible, find a sheltered position, such as a south- or west-facing spot out of the wind. This will help the plum tree set fruit. For grafted trees, keep the graft union 1 inch above the soil line when planting. Dig a hole that is a few inches deeper and wider than the spread of the roots. Set the tree on top of a small mound of soil in the middle of the hole. Be sure to spread the roots away from the trunk without excessively bending them. Space standard-size trees 20 to 25 feet apart. Space dwarf trees 15 to 20 feet apart.
Plums develop their best flavor if left to ripen on the tree. If they feel soft when gently squeezed, they are ripe. Trees will generally need picking over several times. Harvest fruits carefully so as not to bruise them, then eat fresh, destone and freeze, or make the fruits into preserves.
Tamarillo best known by the name tree-tomatoes in Kenya is a fast-growing tree that grows up to 5 meters. Peak production is reached after 1-3 years, and the life expectancy is about 12 years. The tree usually forms a single upright trunk with lateral branches. They produce 1 to 6 fruits per cluster. Plants can set fruit without cross-pollination, but the flowers are fragrant and attract insects. Cross-pollination seems to improve fruit set.
The Tree-Tomato prefers subtropical climate, they grow in many parts of kenya with rainfall between 600 and 4000 millimeters and annual temperatures between 15 and 20 °C. It is intolerant to frost (below -2 °C) and drought stress. It is assumed that fruit set is affected by night temperatures. Areas where citrus are cultivated provide good conditions for Tree-Tomatos. Tree-Tomato plants grow best in light, deep, fertile soils, although they are not very demanding. However, soils must be permeable since the plants are not tolerant to water-logging. They grow naturally on soils with a pH of 5 to 8.5. They are as well planted by irrigation as they also do well.
we graft our seedling with "muthakwa" to ensure our tees are resistant to nematodes, they are drought resistant, mature fast in 9 months compared to other that mature in more than a year. Due to good feeding our fruits are bigger than normal.
A tree is usually kept to 3-6 trunks for fruit production. They tend to sucker around the base. These need to be removed, though they can be used as cuttings for propagation if you chose not to discard them.
Pomegranate is especially well adapted to the environments with cool winters and hot summers, but can be grown in the humid tropics or subtropics, and the plant will survive very well in Kenya. Commercial production is concentrated in dry summer climates, and pomegranate is extremely drought tolerant once established, but crops much better with more generous moisture. Pomegranate thrives on a wide variety of soils and has a high resistance to salinity.