Drip Irrigation system and its benefits

papaya drip irrigation

Drip irrigation is a form of micro-irrigation that has the potential to save lots of water and nutrients by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either from the soil surface or buried below the surface. The goal is to position water directly into the basis zone and minimize evaporation. Drip irrigation systems distribute water through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. Depending on however neat, installed, maintained, and operated it is, a drip irrigation system is more economical than different kinds of irrigation systems, like surface irrigation or mechanical device irrigation.

In drip irrigation systems, pump and valves is also manually or mechanically operated by a controller.

Most massive drip irrigation systems use some style of filter to forestall prevent clogging of the small emitter flow path by small waterborne particles. New technologies are currently being offered that minimize clogging. Some residential systems are put in without extra filters, since potable water is already filtered at the water treatment plant. Just about all drip irrigation equipment makers advocate that filters use and usually won’t honor warranties unless this is often done. Last line filters simply before the ultimate delivery pipe are powerfully counseled additionally to the other filtration system thanks to fine particle settlement and accidental insertion of particles within the intermediate lines.

Drip and subsurface drip irrigation is used  solely once mistreatment recycled municipal waste water. Rules usually don’t allow spraying water through the air that has not been absolutely treated to potable water standards.

Because of the means the water is applied during a drip system, ancient surface applications of timed-release fertiliser are typically ineffective, thus drip systems usually combine liquid fertiliser with the irrigation water. This is often referred to as fertigation; fertigation and chemigation (application of pesticides and different chemicals to periodically clean out the system, like halogen or sulphuric acid) use chemical injectors like diaphragm pumps, piston pumps, or aspirators. The chemicals is also added perpetually whenever the system is irrigating or at intervals. Fertiliser savings of up to ninety five percent are  being rumored from recent university field tests mistreatment drip fertigation and slow water delivery as compared to timed-release and irrigation by small spray heads.

Properly designed, installed, and managed, drip irrigation could facilitate succeed conservation by reducing evaporation and deep voidance compared to different kinds of irrigation like flood or overhead sprinklers since water may be additional exactly applied to the plant roots. additionally, drip will eliminate several diseases that are unfold through water contact with the foliage. Finally, in regions wherever water supplies are severely restricted, there is also no actual water savings, however rather merely a rise in production whereas mistreatment identical quantity of water as before. In terribly arid regions or on sandy soils, the popular methodology is to use the irrigation water as slowly as possible.

Related post: Financial potential of grafted passion fruit farming in Kenya

Advantages of Drip Irrigation

The advantages of drip irrigation are:

  • chemical and nutrient loss is reduced owing to localized application and reduced leach.
  • Water application potency is high if managed properly.
  • Field levelling isn’t necessary. Fields with irregular shapes are simply accommodated.
  • Recycled non-potable water are often safely used.
  • Soil type plays less significant role in frequency of irrigation.
  • Soil erosion is lessened.
  • Weed growth is lessened.
  • Water distribution is very uniform, controlled by output of every nozzle.
  • Labour value is a smaller amount than alternative irrigation strategies.
  • Variation in supply are often regulated by regulation of valves and drippers.
  • Fertigation will simply be enclosed with negligible waste of fertilizers.
  • Foliage remains dry, reducing the danger of malady.
  • Sometimes operated at lower pressure than alternative kinds of controlled irrigation, reducing energy prices.

For Irrigation kits, installation contact us.

For certified fruit seedlings contact us

« Previous12345Next »

GRAFTED PURPLE PASSION SEEDLINGS

<span>GRAFTED PURPLE PASSION SEEDLINGS</span> Passion fruit is a climbing plant of the Passifloraceae family. It is the size of an egg and is yellow or purple. Purple passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) is subtropical, important in some countries, while the more tropical yellow passion fruit excels in others. Both yield delicious juice. The passion fruit vine is a shallow-rooted, woody, perennial, and climbing by means of tendrils. The alternate, evergreen leaves, deeply 3-lobed when mature, are finely toothed, 3 to 8 in (7.5-20 cm) long, deep green and glossy above, paler and dull beneath, and the fruit is purple in color when mature. Commercial farming of purple passion fruit begun in Kenya in 1933 and was expanded in 1960, when the crop was also introduced into Uganda for commercial production. In both countries, the large plantations were devastated several times by easily-spread diseases and pests. The purple passion fruit (passiflora edulis) is the most commonly grown passion for commercial purpose in Kenya. It is mainly grown for fresh and juice extraction.
Passion fruit grows in warm to cool climates within altitude ranging from 1200-2000m. above sea level and minimum rainfall of 900mm per annum. The most suitable soil is medium texture (loamy), which are deep and well drained, with PH ranging from 5.5-7.5.

70

Buy Now

PEPINO MELON SEEDLINGS

<span>PEPINO MELON SEEDLINGS</span> The fruits is typically a bright green or yellow green and often has some red or purple stations. Mainly grown for its many health benefits and does well in areas where tomaoes can grow, its also profitable to grow in a green house

@100

Buy Now

APRICOT SEEDLINGS

<span>APRICOT SEEDLINGS</span> Apricots must be the most desirable of all the fruit trees to grow and often appear as number 1 one of the wish list. But they are also unquestionably the least hardy of all the fruit trees that may be grown in Kenya so planting Apricot trees requires some thought and planning. Apricots are very early flowering, infact they are the first of all the fruit trees to begin to open their blossoms, by far.
The apricot favors well drained soil but doesn’t like to be too dry especially in the summer. Providing a happy medium between the two will be key to success and it is up to you to judge the type of soil you already have and influence the structure as much as you can. Too light or sandy then pep it up with lots and lots of organic rich material. Too weighty or sluggish then alleviate it with lots of grit, sharp sand and leaf mold.
The soil should be well cultivated and friable; double dig-it over if it has not been cultivated before. Clear away all perennial weeds because the last thing you want is added competition from them when your trees are in settled, and growing.
Prepare a hole large enough to take the roots. Apricots are vigorous growers and you may find the root system larger than that of other trees. Set the tree to the same depth as it was at the nursery previously – examination of the stem should reveal the soil mark still identifiable and this will tell you how deeply it was set in the ground before. In any event the grafting point should sit above the soil level and the roots buried in not less than 2” of soil.

@300

Buy Now

TISSUE CULTURE BANANA SEEDLINGS

<span>TISSUE CULTURE BANANA SEEDLINGS</span> Bananas do well from a sea level of 1800M with a minimum rainfall of 1000m per year which is appropriate during flowering. Farmers in low rainfall areas should ensure that irrigation is done throughout. Soils should be fertile and well drained to avoid water logging. After these conditions are met, the farmer should get the plantlets from Oxfarm organic Ltd. Half a month before planting, pits measuring 3feet x 3feet x3feet should be prepared. Subsoil and topsoil should be separated, and then 40 kg of well rotten manure should be mixed with the topsoil along with 200g of fertilizer and 15g of the recommended nematicide. The banana hole should be filled with the mixture, and the plantlets should be planted 30 cm deep in the whole, and the soil should then be firmed. For crops under irrigation, 40 liters should be used initially then 20 liters, three times a week.

Dry mulches should be used to retain moisture while heavy banana stems should be supported to avoid damage. Old diseased leaves should be removed while de-leafing is important to ensure healthy growth. Harvesting begins after 15-18 months, and a light shiny appearance means that the banana is ready for harvest. Harvesting should be delicate to avoid bruising of the bananas. The bananas should be temporarily stored in a cool, dry place and should be wrapped in banana leaves or grass to avoid bruising. If for export, they should be washed using a disinfectant and might require branding.

250

Buy Now
« Previous12345Next »

Please follow and like us:
0

Related posts

Leave a Comment