What You Should Know About Custard Apple (Matomoko)Farming in Kenya
Custard apple farming is gaining attention from a large number of farmers since it’s highly profitable. Farmers in in different parts of the country are shifting from traditional crops to custard apple. With a ready market and premium prices in the international market, the venture can be highly remunerative.
Rainfall: The crop thrives in moderate and well-distributed rainfall. However, it withstands heavy rainfall and drought. This means that it can be grown under irrigation in dry areas.
Temperature:The plant thrives in temperatures ranging from 150C – 300C. Custard apple is sensitive to extremely low temperatures. A hot dry climate enhances flowering and fruit set.
Wind: Custard is sensitive to extreme winds. The branches can easily break which will affect pollination. Planting wind breakers around custard apple orchards is recommended.
Soil requirements: Although it grows in a wide range of soils, it thrives in deep and well-drained soils with a pH range of 5.0 – 8.0. The crop can withstand a little salinity or acidity. Marshy-wetlands, poor drainage, and alkalinity, however, hamper vegetative growth and fruiting.
Spacing and Planting
Custard plants require a spacing of 4m x 4m or 6m x 6m. Planting holes should have a diameter of 60cm x 60cm and 60cm deep. The topsoil should be mixed with well-decomposed manure to improve soil fertility and aeration. This means that an acre can occupy between 150 – 300 trees depending on the spacing.
Custard orchards should be weed-free. Planting cover crops and mulching is recommended to minimize the growth of weeds.
Custard varieties that perform well in Kenya include;
- Red Sitaphal
Maturity Of Custard Apple
Custard trees start bearing three to four years after planting. Grafted varieties are capable of producing yields two years after planting.
Pests and Diseases
Just like other fruits, custard are susceptible to a number of pests and diseases such as:
Some of the pests that attack these plants include;
- Trunk and fruit borer
- Spider mites
Some of the diseases that affect custard plants include;
- Root rot
Production and Output
Custard is a climacteric fruit and should be harvested at maturity. Immature fruits do not ripen and hence it should be avoid. The yield from custard apple plants depends on farming techniques employed and ecological conditions. On average, a mature tree can produce 100 fruits weighing 300grams – 400grams. This equates to 30kgs per tree. During the off season, the prices of custard apple fruits range from Ksh 80 – Ksh 130 per kilo. This means that a farmer can pocket between Ksh 720,000 – Ksh 1,170,000 from one acre.
Price per seedling
At Oxfarm, we sell certified custard apple seedlings at Ksh 100 each.
Establishing a custard orchard has never been easy. Oxfarm Ag Ltd has simplified the establishment process by coming up with a package that helps farmers successfully venture into custard apple farming with ease.
The package costs Ksh 37,000 for one acre.
WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PACKAGE?
- Free consultancy
- 200 certified and high-quality custard apple seedlings
- Labor (measurement and digging of planting holes, soil treatment and testing, planting) (50% discount offered)
- Organic manure (earthlee) equivalent to one bucket of normal manure (30% discount offered)
- Lifetime agronomy support
- Market connection
The demand for custard apple in the local and export market is yet to be met. In Kenya, the fruits can be spotted in major markets in Nairobi. Europe provides the largest market for Kenyan custard apple fruits.
20 thoughts on “What You Should Know About Custard Apple (Matomoko)Farming in Kenya”
I am in Uganda. Do you have an outlet in Uganda? How can I get your grafted seedlings?
How do i get intouch with you for the package
We are looking for produce of Custard apples for export from quality farmers. We are situated in Mombasa but can speak to nearby farmers who are willing to sell.
This will be regular orders at the time of season and prices will judge the quantity required.
This fruit is the sweetest i have ever had 20 time sweeter than sugar
Looking for grafted custard apple seedlings.
Good afternoon, we have responded to your inquiry on your email address.
Thanks you for choosing OxfarmAg Limited.
Good afternoon, I am looking for custard seedling please , what is the price?
Good morning Caroline, we have responded to your inquiry via email, but all the same Custard Apple seedlings cost Kshs. 100 Per seedlings.
Good afternoon, I am looking for custard apple seedlings please.
In need of custard apple seedlings. Please inbox location for collection
Can grafted custard apple grow in ciakago embu semi arid
Yes They can, kindly have a look at the conversation on your email.
I am interested in buying 10 custard seedlings. Do you deliver upcountry?
I am looking for the custard apple seedlings to grow in Siaya. Kindly advice.
Please advice on where to buy grafted custard apple seedling in Embu and then cost
Where to get grafted seedlings from oloitoktok kajiado south and @ how much.
Total cost i.e labour soil testing plus all requirement to plant an acre
I have this custard apple fruits…where can I sell them
Hello, can this fruit do well in Kinangop, Nyandarua county? The place is somewaht cold but very cold in January, July and September. I think it is in semi-arid category. Thank you.
i need grafted custard apple i am in karatina sub county
Hello. I would like to know whether I can farm the Custard Apple in Kinangop? Cold and wet good part of the year.
Cotton soil is about 2ft below, hence, it can be waterlogged during heavy rains.